Several decades of intensive exploitation of the rich two seas have taken a heavy toll on the marine and coastal zones of Thailand, resulting in major degradation of ecosystems and disastrous declines of natural resources. However, there seems to be a growing glimpse of hope with the recent revision and reform of management measures that are being implemented in the Marine Protected Areas, which could be the beginning of recovery and sustainable usage of Thai waters at last.
With the national level plan to construct a large-scale deepwater port at the sleepy fishing town in the southern-most tip of the Andaman coast of Thailand. The productive marine ecosystems of the sea of Satun and traditional livelihood of the coastal communities could be only a history
Since the formation of Maldives from submersion of ancient volcanoes into the charismatic atolls, the sea of Maldives have undergone continuous changes. The ongoing development has provided a rapid economic growth to Maldives, while it is also taking some toll on the rich marine resources, which could become problematic in the near future from the ongoing impacts from both environmental and anthropogenic causes.
Bimini was the inspiration for Ernest Hemingway's famous novels, The Old Man and the Sea and Islands in the Stream. When he lived here in the late 1930's, the islands were the domain of big game fishermen and other adventurous souls who wanted to be close to nature. Seventy years on, Bimini is moving in a very different direction.
Nourished by two major currents of the Indian Ocean, the Andaman Sea of Thailand boast an impressive biological abundance and diversity of natural resources. But these soon may change with the current rate exploitation, as the fish stocks decline, while the coastal ecosystems degrade, the fate of this water is hanging on a thin thread.
With the global population declines and their sensitivity to overexploitation, sharks is one of the most threatened vertebrate group on Earth. Despite the global awareness and movement for conservation of these elasmobranches, the situation in Southeast Asia countries, such as Thailand is still relatively grim with over 90% declines were recorded in the past 10 years.
After the dissolve of the military junta, scientists finally get a glimpse into the restricted territory on the biodiversity, and livelihood of the people in the archipelago.